1588 The Spanish Armada is sighted off the coast of England.
1602 The Duke of Biron is executed in Paris for conspiring with Spain and Savoy against King Henry IV of France.
1603 Bartholomew Gilbert is killed in Virginia by Indians, during a search for the missing Roanoke colonists.
1693 The Army of the Grand Alliance is destroyed by the French at the Battle of Neerwinden.
1830 Liberals led by the Marquis of Lafayette seize Paris in opposition to the king’s restrictions on citizens’ rights.
1848 A rebellion against British rule is put down in Tipperary, Ireland.
1858 Japan signs a treaty of commerce and friendship with the United States.
1862 Confederates are routed by Union guerrillas at Moore’s Mill, Missouri.
1875 Peasants in Bosnia and Herzegovina rebel against the Ottoman army.
1915 U.S. Marines land at Port-au-Prince to protect American interests in Haiti.
1921 Adolf Hitler becomes the president of the Nationalist Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazis).

1945 After delivering parts of the first atomic bomb to the island of Tinian, the U.S.S. Indianapolis is sunk by a Japanese submarine. The survivors are adrift for two days before help arrives.
1981 Prince Charles marries Lady Diana.
1990 Boston Red Sox hit 12 doubles in a game, setting major league record.
1996 A US federal court strikes down the child protection portion of the 1996 Communications Decency Act, calling it too broad.
2005 Astronomers announce discovery of dwarf planet Eris, leading the International Astronomic Union to clarify the definition of a planet.

Born on July 29

1805 Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian ( Democracy in America).
1877 Charles William Beebe, American biologist, explorer and writer.
1878 Don Marquis, novelist and poet.
1883 Benito Mussolini, Dictator of Italy (1922-1945).
1887 Sigmund Romberg, composer.
1900 Owen Lattimore, writer.
1905 Stanley Kunitz, poet.
1905 Dag Hammerarskjold, Nobel Peace Prize winner, secretary-general of the United Nations (1953-1961).
1909 Chester Himes, author (Cotton Comes to Harlem, If He Hollers, Let Him Go).
1918 Edwin Greene O’Connor, author (The Last Hurrah).
1918 Mary Lee Settle, novelist.
1920 Hank Ketchum, cartoonist, creator of Dennis the Menace.
1930 Paul Taylor, choreographer and dancer.
1936 Elizabeth Hanford Dole, US secretary of transportation (1983-1987), secretary of labor (1989-1990), unsuccessful candidate for Republican presidential nomination (2000), US Senator (2003-2009).
1938 Peter Jennings, ABC evening news anchor.
1953 Ken Burns, documentary filmmaker (The Civil War, Baseball, The War, The Dust Bowl).
1966 Richard Steven Horvitz, actor, voiceover actor in videogames (Halo 4) and television cartoons (The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy).
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